This is the online first version published on 2021-10-08. Read the most recent version.

Approaches to integrate ecosystem services in formal spatial planning


  • Sonja Deppisch HafenCity Universität Hamburg
  • Gesa Geißler Universität für Bodenkultur Wien
  • Christian Poßer Fachhochschule Erfurt
  • Linda Schrapp Hochschule Weihenstephan-Triesdorf



Ecosystem services, Formal spatial planning, Spatial development, Modernisation of planning instruments, Preparatory land use planning, Land use planning, Maritime spatial planning


Due to global changes and changes in land use, ecosystems and their services are increasingly affected. Against this background, it is questionable how ecosystems and the services they provide can be better and sufficiently taken into account in land-use planning as well as spatial development in Germany. Currently little chance is seen to establish new ecosystem service-based processes that would be comprehensively integrated in the spatial planning practice in Germany. However, modernisation of formal and informal planning instruments is conceived in a long-term perspective. The ecosystem service approach can essentially contribute to this modernisa[1]tion methodically as well as conceptually. Therefore, this paper discusses possibilities how to integrate the ecosystem service approach in formal spatial planning in a short to medium term and which societal and ecological added value can be generated. Chances and risks of different implementation options will be discussed and specific approaches outlined.


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Policy and practice perspective

How to Cite

“Approaches to integrate ecosystem services in formal spatial planning ” (2021) Raumforschung und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning, 80(1). doi:10.14512/rur.66.