Real-world laboratories in theory and practice: Reflection of the research design regarding the sustainable transformation of urban spaces Authors Kerstin Meyer https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8451-7685 Dajana Esch https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0243-1360 Maria Rabadjieva https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5042-4907 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14512/rur.38 Keywords: Real-world laboratory, transformation, sustainability, methodology Abstract As part of the sustainable transformation of communities, real laboratories have been increasingly used as instruments in research projects since 2015, but their implementation has so far received little scientific reflection. Aiming towards the implementation of sustainable transformative processes, its participants are embedded in scientific research and practical experience likewise. Based on three research projects funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), this article reflects on the extent to which "real-world laboratories" are constructed from a theoretical standpoint, function as an instrument of cooperative development and can contribute to the sustainable transformation of urban spaces. In the projects, the approach of "real-world laboratories" is applied for successful sustainable transformation based on characteristics specified by Schäpke et al. (2017); however, with significant differences within the spatial scope, inclusion of the practical actors as well as the processes and procedures. The comparison identifies possible problems, challenges and opportunities for the implementation of real-world laboratories. Downloads PDF (Deutsch) HTML (Deutsch) Published Issue publication date 2021-08-31 (version 2)Published online first 2021-07-08 (version 1) Versions 2021-08-31 (2) 2021-07-08 (1) How to Cite Meyer, K., Esch, D., & Rabadjieva, M. (2021). Real-world laboratories in theory and practice: Reflection of the research design regarding the sustainable transformation of urban spaces. Raumforschung Und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning, 79(4), 366-381. https://doi.org/10.14512/rur.38 (Original work published July 8, 2021) More Citation Formats ACM ACS APA ABNT Chicago Harvard IEEE MLA Turabian Vancouver Download Citation Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX Issue Vol. 79 No. 4 (2021) Section Article License Copyright (c) 2021 Kerstin Meyer, Dajana Schlieter, Maria Rabadjieva This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Articles in Raumforschung und Raumordnung - Spatial Research and Planing are published under a Creative Commons license. Until Vol. 79 No. 1, articles were published under a CC BY-SA license. From Vol. 79 No. 2 (2021), the license applied is the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License CC BY 4.0. Under this license, anyone may access, copy, redistribute, or adapt these articles, as long as the author and original source are properly cited and the contributions are distributed under the same license as the original.