How do we meet the Matthew-effect in real- world laboratories? Selectivity in participatory processes Authors Laura Gebhardt Alexandra König DOI: https://doi.org/10.14512/rur.64 Keywords: mobility, selectivity, representativity, co-creation, living-labs, participation Abstract The complexity and dynamics of real-world problems in transdisciplinary projects require the participation of all directly and indirectly affected population groups in the participation process. All too often, participants come from socioeconomically similar milieus (middle-class, male, local) and persons with a migratory background, young people, and members of lower income groups are represented rather weakly or not at all. This phenomenon of social selectivity is called the Matthew-effect ("whoever has, will be given"). It describes the effect that socio-economically strong persons are particularly committed to their interests, while interests of those in a (resource-wise) less well-off situation are under-represented. The article addresses three questions: 1) How can it be ensured, that all population groups are reached during the participation process? 2) How can their concerns be heard and involved in it? 3) How can civil society be empowered as co-creators in participation processes? These questions will be reflected upon on the basis of empirical experience gained in the real-world lab projects Reallabor Schorndorf and Reallabor Altmarkkreis. On the basis of these reflections, recommendations for action for researchers and practitioners are developed and open research questions are derived. Downloads PDF (Deutsch) HTML (Deutsch) Published 2021-03-02 How to Cite Gebhardt, L., & König, A. . (2021). How do we meet the Matthew-effect in real- world laboratories? Selectivity in participatory processes. Raumforschung Und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning. https://doi.org/10.14512/rur.64 More Citation Formats ACM ACS APA ABNT Chicago Harvard IEEE MLA Turabian Vancouver Download Citation Endnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS) BibTeX Issue Online first Section Article License Copyright (c) 2021 Laura Gebhardt, Alexandra König This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Articles in Raumforschung und Raumordnung - Spatial Research and Planing are published under a Creative Commons license. Until Vol. 79 No. 1, articles were published under a CC BY-SA license. From Vol. 79 No. 2 (2021), the license applied is the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License CC BY 4.0. Under this license, anyone may access, copy, redistribute, or adapt these articles, as long as the author and original source are properly cited and the contributions are distributed under the same license as the original.