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Digital local supply on the rise? Determinants of multi-channel shopping behavior in grocery retailing




Grocery retailing, local supply, online retailing, click and collect, store choice model


Multi- and cross-channel integration of German grocery retailing appears in terms of online-based delivery services and click-and-collect offers by established supermarkets. However, these trends raise the question whether digital services may complement established distribution channels, especially with respect to local supply. The study explores the main determinants of spatial shopping behavior in grocery retailing, whilst incorporating the click-and-collect option of physical grocery stores as well as grocery online retailers. Individual store choices and the related expenditures at grocery retailers are investigated using a micro-econometric store choice model (hurdle model) based on a representative customer survey in two German regions (South Lower Saxony, Region Middle Upper Rhine). Pure grocery online retailing is found to have little relevance, whilst supermarkets gain little profit from offering the click-and-collect option. The likelihood of buying groceries online can be explained by psychographic characteristics of the consumers. In a situation where consumers may choose between offline and online retailers, channel-specific transaction costs (driving time, shipping charges) can be identified as important determinants of store choice.


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How to Cite

Wieland, T. (2021) “Digital local supply on the rise? Determinants of multi-channel shopping behavior in grocery retailing”, Raumforschung und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning. DE, 79(2). doi: 10.14512/rur.53.



Research Article